A safer school is a place where learning for children and teaching for teachers can occur in a resilient environment free of intimidation, risks and fears of disaster. AIDMI launched its New Website www.aidmi.org
Local Capacity Building for Safer Schools
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 156, May 2017:
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is taken up the most important theme that needs wider discussion and support at Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction held at Cancun, Maxico.' Building Capacity for School Safety: ASDMA's School Safety Initiative'. 

Taking note of the need to enhance school safety in the state, the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) has launched a massive capacity building initiative aimed to train the teachers of selected schools across the state on how to manage the risks in their respective schools. This issue contains an overview of this initiative, its main achievements and the lessons learnt.
By showcasing the success of capacity building school safety initiatives in Assam, this issue puts forward a strong case for replicating and upscaling these interventions in others parts of India as well.
Assam is one of the most hazard prone states in the Indian union which is exposed to the risks of large earthquakes (as it lies in seismic zone V), incessant flooding and concomitant erosion, landslides and storms. Children bear a disproportionate burden of the adverse impacts of these hazards when they materialize into disasters. For instance, during the Assam floods of 2012, more than half the affected people were children. The detrimental impacts of such disasters are reflected in the dwindling trend noticed in several child welfare indices. In the exigent times brought on by disasters, children's access to quality education is severely inhibited. This underscores the need for pursuing the ideal of school safety in the state.
This issue's contents includes: (i) Capacity Building for Safer Schools; (ii) Promoting Disaster Resilient Education in Assam; (iii) School Safety Efforts in Assam; (iv) Quotes from Participants; (v) DRR Education to make Hospitals Safer; (vi) Training and Capacity Building for Nurses for Hospital Preparedness and Resilience to Disaster and Climate Risks in Education.
Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Surgeon Commander Chandrasekhar Krishnamurti, M.D., Associate Professor, NRI Institute of Medical Sciences, Visakhapatnam; and Mrs. Sanghamitra Sawant, Assistant Secretary General, Trained Nurses Association of India.
Theme: Capacity Building, Safer Schools, Disaster Risk Reduction, Urban Development, Disaster and Climate Resilience.
Building-resilience for All: Lessons for Assam for Asia
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 146, May 2016:
How does disaster risk reduction work in one of the important states of India: Assam? What kind of lessons can building resilience in Assam offer for Asia? This issue has a strategic list of activities and ideas.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Building Resilience for All: Lessons from Assam for Asia'. It highlights some of the major initiatives taken up by Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) and United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in Assam. This issue focuses on the various areas on which ASDMA and UNICEF have worked in Assam such as children in emergencies, school safety, community based disaster preparedness, traditional coping mechanisms, etc.

The good work done by ASDMA and UNICEF offers a lot of lessons in resilience building for Asia, which suffers massive loss and damage due to disasters annually.

The challenges and opportunities in all these areas have been highlighted. The breadth and scope of all such initiatives bear testimony to ASDMA’s commitment to making a safe and resilient Assam.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Situational Analysis of Children and Women in Assam, 2016; (ii) School Safety including SDMP and Mock Drills: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead; (iii) Community based Disaster Preparedness; Challenges and Opportunities Ahead; (iv) Integration Disaster Risk Reduction with Climate Change Adaptation; (v) Children in Emergencies; (vi) Public Health in Emergencies; (vii) Traditional Coping Mechanisms; (ix) Earthquake Engineering; (x) The Journey of Assam Jatiya Bidyalay in Ensuring Safer Learning Environment to Children; (xi) Hospital Safety Audit; and (xii) Report on Commemoration of Child Protection Day in Assam.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; V. K. Pipersenia, IAS, Chief Secretary, Government of Assam; and Dilip Kumar Dutta Choudhury with Gopen Barman, Assam Jatiya Bidyalay, Assam.

Theme: Building Resilience, School Safety, Children and Women, Disaster Risk Reduction, Hospital Safety.

South-South Cooperation in Action: Urban Resilience and Risk Transfer
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 144, March 2016:

How to make citizens in cities safe? This issue addresses this crucial topic.

A risk transfer mechanism like disaster microinsurance helps in transferring the risk of an impending catastrophe from an individual to an institution (insurance company).
This issue highlights the way in which contextualized risk transfer mechanisms can protect the livelihoods and assets of India's urban poor from disaster and climate risks. Such mechanisms will eventually help in making India's cities safe, sustainable and inclusive. For those who decide on 100 Smart Cities Programme of Government of India this issue is a ready reference.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of "Building Urban Resilience through Risk Transfer and Insurance". It brings together the insights from the 8th South-South Citizenry Based Development sub-Academy (SSCBDA). This academy was organized in Ahmedabad, India from 11th February-13th February, 2015. It saw the coming together of academics, students and practitioners from the field of humanitarianism to discuss and deliberate upon the importance of risk transfer mechanisms as instruments for engendering resilience for India's urban poor.

This issue's contents includes: (i) 8th South-South Citizenry Based Development sub-Academy (SSCBDA); (ii) Learning Statement from the Academy; (iii) Financial Burden Due To Natural Disaster; (iv) Risk Transfer and Urban Resilience: Opportunities in COP21 and SFDRR Implementation; (v) Insurance, Women and Climate Change; (vi) Scope and Potential of Disaster Risk Transfer in Muzaffarpur; (vii) A German Social Start-up on its Mission to Revolutionize the Market for Construction Material in Bangladesh; (viii) Urban Resilience: Three Ideas for Action; (ix) I Will Stand Again and (x) Case Study of Sankar Muduli.
Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Denis Nkala, UNOSSC; Dr. Aditya Prakash, IAS, Probational DM, Muzaffarpur, Bihar; Arup Das, sSTEP, Assam; Ronak B. Patel, MD MPH, Stanford University; Ava Mulla, Co-Founder, CEO, Building Pioneers UG, Germany; Binapani Mishra, Secretary, Society for Women Action Development (SWAD), Puri, Odisha; and Shilpa Pandya, Development Consultant.

This issue highlights the critical everyday connections that link local processes with SFDRR implementation in Asia.

Theme: Urban Resilience, Risk Transfer, Micro insurance.

Youth Leadership in Long Term Recovery
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 143, March 2016:

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled ‘Youth Leadership in Long Term Recovery’. Disaster recovery is an important phase of the disaster management cycle as it helps in the evolution of resilient communities. However, the voices of the youth are often left out of the recovery process.

In January 2016, the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) invited 8 students from Oxford Brookes University to visit 2 districts of Gujarat to study the long-term impacts of recovery from the 2001 earthquake. This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is a compendium of the perspectives and views of these students on long-term recovery following 15 years after the Gujarat Earthquake. Contributions from John Twigg and other reputed academics are also included in this issue.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Youth Leadership in Long-Term Recovery (ii) The Puzzle of Long-Term Recovery: Finding the Missing Pieces; (iii) Sustainability in Long-Term Recovery: Reflections from Kutch Earthquake Response Work; (iv) Looking Back and Looking Forward: A view of long term recovery from the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake; (v) Recovery through Livelihood Restoration; (vi) Building Communities through Settlement Planning; (vii) A Multi–Hazard Approach to Long-Term Recovery; (viii) Built Back Better? Disaster Recovery as an Opportunity for Improvement; (ix) Youth, DRR and Sustainable Development, and (x) From House to Home: Allowing for the safe adaptation of housing in reconstruction projects.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Dr John Twigg, Co-Director, Centre for Urban Sustainability and Resilience, Department of Civil; Dr. Supriya Akerkar, Programme lead Senior Lecturer, CENDEP; Alexandra Freeman, Austin Snowbarger, Chanel Currow, George Williams, Katie Reilly, Leonie Smith, Martina Ferrao, Sonia Tong; MA and MArchD students, CENDEP, Oxford Brookes University, UK.

Theme: Youth Leadership, Sustainable Recovery, Resilience.

Emergency Management Exercise in Assam: Building Sub National Preparedness
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 142, February 2016:

The Indian state of Assam is highly prone to disaster and climate risks. A burgeoning population and haphazard planning further drive up the vulnerability of Assam's cities to such risks.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of Emergency Management Exercises (EMExes) in Assam. The Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) recently organized a series of EMExs across several cities of Assam. The objective of such exercises was to bring together various actors such as state and regional emergency responders, educational institutions, hospitals, health care professionals, humanitarian agencies, government departments, non-government organisations, civil society organisations and professionals from emergency management-related fields - to assess the cities' disaster preparedness and resilience, acquire new skills for emergency management and mass casualty events, and to develop a multi-disciplinary, inter-stakeholder, coordinated response during emergencies.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Journey from 2012 to 2015: A Sincere Effort in Improving Preparedness for Emergency Response; (ii) Child Centered DRR–The Thematic Focus in GEMEx 2015; (iii) Scaling Down the Idea of EMExs in Districts of Assam–the Approach of ASDMA; (iv) GEMEx, 2015: Learning Emergency Ways of Working of the Public Health Work Force; (v) Redefining Ownership–School Based Disaster Risk Reduction a Reality in Axom Jatiya Vidyalay; (vi) When Disaster Reduction Became a Reality–the Story to Share; (vii) Making Emergency Preparedness 'Walk the Talk'–Mission EMEx of Assam Reaches Nalbari; (viii) Lakhimpur Emergency Management Exercise (LEMEx), 2016 and (ix) Dhemaji Emergency Management Exercise (DEMEx), 2016.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Lt Gen NC Marwah, PVSM, AVSM (Retd) Member, National Disaster Management Authority, New Delhi; Kripaljyoti Mazumdar, Project Officer, Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), Assam Secretariat, Dispur, Assam; Sunny Buragohain and Barnali Singha,  Program Coordinator, Doctors for You NERO Office, Guwahati and Md. Rafiqul Islam, Subject Teacher (English), Govt. Gurdon HS School, Nalbari.

This issue highlights the recently held EMExs from the various cities of Assam such as Guwahati, Nalbari, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Dhubri, Sibsagar, Darrang, and Sonitpur. Preparedness and coordination are crucial for an effective response to emergencies. Read on to know more on how these EMExes are helping in inculcating a culture of preparedness among the first responders to disasters in Assam's cities.

Theme: Emergency Response, Capacity Building, Preparedness.

State of Children in Asian Cities
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 141, January 2016:
We know so little about the risks our children face in our cities! This issue addresses this gap to help better make Asian Regional Plan for implementation of SFDRR in Asian cities. This issue is also a first step to inform the upcoming UN Habitat III Conference on ‘Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development’, Quito, Ecuador, in October 17-20, 2016.<
This issue explores the extent of children's vulnerability and resilience to such risks in several Asian cities. Specific institutional arrangements, programmes and projects that aim to promote children's welfare in these cities are examined. The COP21 has rightly recognized many cities to be indispensable partners to achieving climate justice. Since climate change also enhances the risk profile of children, this issue also explores the theme of child centered climate change adaptation. The Asian cities highlighted in this issue include: Dhaka, Kathmandu, Mumbai, Phnom Penh, Thimphu, and Yangon.
This issue's contents includes: (i) Children and Youth are Agents of Change; (ii) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Dhaka; (iii) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Yangon; (iv) Understanding of Disaster and Development; (v) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Thimphu; (vi) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Phnom Penh; (vii) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Mumbai – The Case of NGO Schools in Mumbai; (viii) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Kathmandu; (ix) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Northeast India; (x) Turning Disaster into Development: Community Learning Centers — A Way to Recover from Disasters; (xi) An Ecologist View of Challenges in Restoring Coastal Habitats; (xii) Household Water Filter Evaluation What Works?; and (xiii) Urban Political Ecology and the Social Production of Urban Coastal Flooding.

This issue highlights the critical everyday connections that link local processes with the SFDRR implementation in Asia.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and practitioners, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Feng Min Kan, Head, UNISDR Asia-Pacific Office, UNESCAP; Eleni - Styliani Galani, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany; Meikhiambung Abung, Ambedkar University, Delhi; Giulia Georg, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil; Claire Alanoix, Sciences Po Paris, France; Marija Jankovic, University of Belgrade, Serbia; Delhi; Reema Nanavaty, SEWA; R.S. Bhalla (PhD), Sr. Fellow, Foundation for Ecological Research; Lauren McKown, Communications Coordinator, MIT, United States, and Bradford Powers, JD, LLM, Doctoral Fellow, Tulane University, USA.

The authors hope that this issue will help World Humanitarian Summit focus more directly on children and their protection in cities from humanitarian crises.

Theme: Children, Urban, Resilience, Children’s Right.
Urban Resilience and Children Rights

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 139, December 2015:

City, Child, and Resilience interact with each other but not always to move towards sustainable development. This issue explores some of the key issues around this.

As the second most populous country in the world, India's has a greater share of young people in its population than other countries.

Almost 65% of India's population is under 35 years of age, of which 39% is18 years or below. Experts call this a demographic dividend. However, the optimism of this dividend is tempered by the dismal fact that more than 8 million children under the age of 6 years live in slums. This exposes a large number of children to a variety of risks. These risks are greatly amplified in the event of disasters, emergencies and climate extremes.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Smart Cities Must be Safe Cities; (ii) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Bangkok; (iii) Relocation, Resettlement, Rehabilitation: Key Challenges and Opportunities for Cities; (iv) Urban Resilience and Children's Rights in Sri Lanka; (v) Protecting Small Businesses in Urban Areas: From Disaster Response to Risk Reduction; (vi) The Impact of Heat Waves on Vulnerable Communities of Ahmedabad; (vii) Community Resilience: Why Cities are Different; (viii) The Vulnerability of Informal Settlements in Urban Centres of the Developing World; (ix) The Humanitarian Leadership Academy; (x) Looking Forward with Hindsight; (xi) A New Reality: Drought Situation in Brazil and Resilience and Sustainability for Smart Cities.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Urban Resilience and Children's Rights'. As Indian cities are constantly embattled against disasters and emergencies, its children often find themselves to be the victims of abuse, harassment and exploitation. This issue highlights the need for making children's rights to protection against the aforementioned risks indispensable in building 'Smart Cities' that are sustainable and resilient.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Seema Singh, Research Associate, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi; Costanza Ragazzi, Bangkok; Garima Jain, Indian Institute for Human Settlements, Karnataka; Alaa Sagaa, Sri Lanka; Enid Kabasinguzi Ocaya, DRR and Community Resilience Manager, World Vision Uganda; Jessica Yu, McMaster University, Canada; Laura Jump, Head of Business Development for the Humanitarian Leadership Academy, Save the Children UK; and Loy Rego, MARS Practitioners Network, India and Duryog Nivaran Fellow Traveler.

Theme: Smart Cities, Urban Risk, Community Resilience, Child’s Rights, and Governance.

Child Centred Disaster Management Planning
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 138, November 2015:

Though any child is a centre of any family is a vulnerable child is not at the centre of disaster management planning. This issue tells us how to do so.

Disaster management planning in India is gradually shifting from an exercise in post-emergency ad-hocism to one that encourages long term planning for preparedness.<

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Child Centered Disaster Management Planning in India.' As widespread poverty and climate change exacerbate the risk of disasters on children, it is time to embed corrective policy mechanisms that protect children against such risks. State and district disaster management plans are the instruments through which this objective can be accomplished. This issue highlights the ways in which children's rights to safety can be upheld in India. Most notably, the traditional knowledge of communities in reducing the risks of hazards has been discussed. Special attention has also been accorded to how the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) enshrines the protection of children against disaster risks.

This issue's contents includes: (i) Child Centered Disaster Risk Reduction in Long Term Recovery; (ii) Communities Addressing Local Risks; (iii) Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction; (iv) Views of Ahmedabad Youth on Disaster Risk Reduction; (v) Sendai Disaster Risk Reduction Framework Fails Millions at Risk of Disasters; (vi) Key Challenges in Vulnerability Assessment: A Personal Anecdote from the Field; (vii) Drought in Bangladesh: Recent Work and Plans of IUBAT; (viii) Skills for Safety: Possible Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction in North East India; (ix) Leveraging Risk at Local Level: Support and Facilitation of Civil Society towards Formulation of DDMPs in India; and (x) AIDMI's Commitment to India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC).

This issue is a must read for all interested in knowing more about the state of children's right to safety in India in the context of disaster risk reduction.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Sanjaya Bhatia, Head, Republic of Korea; Nikita Koka, President, AIESEC in Ahmedabad; Shafqat Munir, Regional Rights in Crisis Coordinator Asia, Oxfam Pakistan; Mohammad Shazed, Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment Facilitator, Bangladesh Red Crescent Society; Prof. M Alimullah Miyan, Chairperson, South Asian Disaster Management Centre, IUBAT, Dhaka, Bangladesh; and Aditya Saikia, Director of Strategy & Growth, Gram Tarang Employability Training Services, Centurion University, Odisha;  

Theme: Disaster Risk Reduction, SFDRR, Child and Risk, Governance.

Humanitarian Innovation for Child Development

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 137, October 2015:

Children and Innovation do go hand-in-hand. But do humanitarian innovations and child development? Find out in this issue.

An unprecedented number of people in distress due to the crises triggered by disasters or conflicts have given rise to a series of daunting challenges faced by the global humanitarian system.

Children, in particular have been the worst affected demographic group in such crises. The 1.1 million Syrian children registered as refugees with UNHCR Worldwide and 1.5 million children rendered homeless by the Nepal Earthquake of April 2015 highlights the plight of children in humanitarian crises.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Ms. Christel Rose, UNISDR, Geneva, Switzerland; Bhadra B, Kochi Municipal Corporation, Kerala; Poonam Muttreja, Population Foundation of India, New Delhi; Leah Campbell, ALNAP; Michel Dikkes, CHS Alliance, Switzerland; Ms. Sumaya Rashid, Social Responsibility Asia (SR Asia), Bangladesh; Gregory Pearn, ADPC, Thailand; and Lucy Pearson, GNDR, UK. Hardly ever these authors have written on this subject.

This issue highlights how innovations in planning for humanitarian interventions can have a far reaching effect on improving the effectiveness of such interventions, especially for children. Improved humanitarian outcomes as a result of institutionalizing family planning and vocational training programmes in humanitarian interventions are cited as such innovations. Similarly, newer approaches to planning for safer schools by capturing the perspectives of the children attending those schools is also highlighted.

This issue's contents includes: (i) 24 Countries Commit to Implement the Worldwide Initiative for Safe Schools; (ii) Disaster Risk Management for Healthy Societies; (iii) Education and Knowledge in Building a Culture of Resilience; (iv) National Relevance of Vocational Education Development in Humanitarian System; (v) Kochi: Agenda for Sustainable Urban Development; (vi) Population Growth, Disaster Risk and Possible Way Ahead in India; (vii) ALNAP Urban Response Community of Practice; (viii) CHS Alliance: Ten Actions to Strengthen the Relevance and Effectiveness of Humanitarian and Development Action; (ix) Corporate Social Responsibility and Disaster Risk Management & Reduction in Bangladesh; (x) Bridging the Gap between Disaster Response and Government–Led Recovery; (xi) We Need a Reality Check; (xii) On Living History and Cultural Dynamic, and (xiii) Implementing SFDRR in Delhi City. Kindly ever this subject is addressed in there many ways.

This issue highlights the need and techniques of engaging children as active stakeholders in shaping DRR policies and practices in South Asia. An inclusive approach to DRR which makes the voices of children count would make humanitarian assistance and disaster relief more effective and efficient in the region. This issue is a must read for all interested to know about the role children can play in risk reduction strategies in South Asia.

Theme: Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Response, Child and Risk, Humanitarian Innovation, Urban Response, Safe Schools, and Governance.

Children and Humanitarian Assistance in South Asia

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 136, September 2015:

What do children in South Asia want after a disaster? And what they receive makes any impact? This issue address these questions.

The enhanced vulnerability of children to the detrimental impacts of disasters and emergencies now qualifies as conventional wisdom in various humanitarian circles.

Almost 70% of the affected population of a disaster or extreme event are children. Consequently, a lot of government and humanitarian agencies have taken up the cause of protecting and promoting the rights of children to safety and security.

Some of the best thinkers, researchers, experts, and activists, including Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Jaivir Singh, Price water house Coopers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi; Emily Bild, UNICEF India; Atty. Lesley Y. Cordero, OPARR, Philippines; Mr. Lei Pun Chi, Typhoon Committee Secretariat; Prof. Smita Kadam, Saritsa Foundation, Mumbai; Ms. Abby Gwaltney and Dr. Hassan Virji, International START Secretariat, Washington DC; Dr. Henna Hejazi, Sphere India, New Delhi and Hamendra Dangi, University of Delhi explore the linkages between children and humanitarian assistance.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Children and Humanitarian Assistance in South Asia'. South Asia consistently ranks as one of the most disaster prone regions of the world as a result of which a lot of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) operations are concentrated in this region. However, children which comprise a third of the total 1.72 billion people in South Asia are rarely engaged as active stakeholders in the dialogue around disaster risk reduction.

This issue's contents includes: (i) City, Child and Risk in India: A View; (ii) Children and Youth – "Don't Decide My Future without Me"; (iii) Commitment to Safe Schools; (iv) Training on Child-Centred Risk Assessment; (v) Odisha Leads Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in India; (vi) Adaptation and Disaster Resilience in INDCs of India; (vii) Rebuilding after Typhoon Yolanda; (viii) Typhoon Committee's Role in Implementing Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction; (ix) Droughts in India and Saritsa Foundation's Contribution to Prepare People in India; (x) START: Two Decades of Impact in Asia; (xi) Role of Sphere India in Coordination in J&K Flood Response; (xii) Responsible Inc., and (xiii) 10 Years Later: Reviewing Recovery of Tsunami Affected Women from India.

This issue highlights the need and techniques of engaging children as active stakeholders in shaping DRR policies and practices in South Asia. An inclusive approach to DRR which makes the voices of children count would make humanitarian assistance and disaster relief more effective and efficient in the region. This issue is a must read for all interested to know about the role children can play in risk reduction strategies in South Asia.

Theme: Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Response, Child and Risk, Governance and Humanitarian Assistance.

125 Children, Disasters and Cities of India

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 125 - February 2015

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the important theme of Children, Cities and Disasters in India. It tries to highlight all the aspects of building the resilience of children, especially in urban centres to the adverse impacts of disasters and emergencies.

Containing very informative and well researched articles, the scope of this issue ranges from the proposed amendments to the HFA2 for building the resilience of children to the various impacts of the Kashmir floods on the children of that state. Instances of good practices as a case study are also included. This issue is a must read for all interested in understanding the important theme of building the resilience of children to disasters in India.

This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled ' Children, Disasters and Cities of India‘ contents includes: (i) Children and Disasters: Considerations for Post-2015 DRR Framework; (ii) Why do Small Disasters Matter too for Children Living in Cities?; (iii) Floods in Kashmir: Impact on Children; (iv) Where are the Children of Kashmir?; (v) Floods in Jammu & Kashmir. (vi) Jammu & Kashmir Floods: What went wrong? (vii) Advancing Children's Rights through Data (viii) A Commendable Journey for a Safer Environment in School; and (ix) Ensuring Fire Safety in Panbazar Girls HS School: Making of a Model for Replication.

The contributions from Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Sudhir Kumar, Disaster Risk Reduction Specialist, UNDP, Philippines; JC Gaillard, The University of Auckland, New Zealand; Marla Petal, Save the Children Australia; Jake Rom D. Cadag and Emmanuel M. Luna, University of the Philippines Diliman; Lourdes L. Pambid, Save the Children Philippines; Akke Boere, Asiya Niyaz and Shabnum Ara, MSF India; Ray Kancharla, National Humanitarian – DRR/CCA Manager, Save the Children, India; Ennio Valentino Picucci, NHTV University of Applied Sciences Breda, The Netherlands.

Themes: Children and Disasters, HFA2, Floods
Safer Schools for Safer Education

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 111, May 2014:
Schools and Education cannot be separated. Nor their safety.

Children spend the major part of their day at schools. Therefore, any concerted effort to enhance the resilience of children to disasters must focus on making schools safer from the adverse impact of disasters. This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the key policies, strategies and practices related to the important theme of school safety.

Apart from important policies related to school safety and child welfare in disaster situations, this issue also consists of the experiences and lessons learnt by organizations that are involved with school safety campaign in India and beyond. Engagingly written and meticulously researched, this issue seeks to underscore the role of school safety for the overall development of children. A must read for all interested in this important area.

The 111th issue of Southasiadisaster.net is titled ‘Safeguarding Schools: Safer Schools for Safer Education’ content includes:
i. A Lesson from Child Centered Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction
ii. Exploring Adolescence in Our Changing World
iii. Disasters Make a Child Choose the Path of Crime: A Case
iv. Building up Community Resilience through Mock Drills: BSDMA Leads
v. ASDMA's Gender Sensitive Approach
vi. Challenge Toward School Safety
vii. Children and Holi Risks
viii. Safety in School for Child Welfare
ix. Steps Toward School Safety Initiative
x. AIDMI’s Suggestions for Key Area 4 of HFA2
xi. The Role of NHAZCA in Reducing Risks form Natural Hazards
xii. Disasters and Emergencies NEWS
xiii. Recent Publications on Child Safety

The contributions from Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Amit Prakash and Anand Bijeta; Jayanta Hazarika; Mukul Kumar; and Paolo Mazzanti.

Themes: Children, Disaster Risk, Risk Resilience, Education and School Safety, Gender, Adolescence, HFA2, Natural Hazards

For download this issue: http://schoolsafety.in/publications.aspx
For more information contact: bestteam@aidmi.org

Children in Urban Space: Making Child Friendly Cities

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 108, March 2014:


So much is said about future of cities and yet city planning is not done by those who have a long future: children. This is odd.


The 108th issue of Southasiadisaster.net is titled ‘Children in Urban Space: Making Child Friendly Cities’ highlights the concept of a ‘Child Friendly City’. This issue of Southasiadisasters.net outlines the key pre-requisites to make child friendly city by documenting the experiences and expertise of organizations and individuals that have strived towards this ideal. The content includes:

i.           Making Child Friendly Cities through School Safety: A Case Study

ii.         Child Friendly Schools in India

iii.       SAARC Framework for Care, Protection and Participation of Children in Disasters

iv.       Building Child Friendly Cities: A Framework for Action

v.         Child Friendly Spaces: A Healthy Environment for Children in Emergencies

vi.       Campaign Against Japanese Encephalitis(JE) and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome(AES) in U.P.: Leads by NDMA

vii.     Early Intervention Programmes for Children and Disaster Risk Reduction

viii.   Lessons from Typhoon Haiyan Response

ix.       Children as 'Active Agents' in Climate Change Adaptation

x.         Khadija Khatun–An Agent of Change for Climate Change Adaptation

xi.       Earthquake-Proof Table for Schools

xii.     Towards Child Friendly Education


The contributions from Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; David Mcloughlin; Monika Jaryal; Dr. Muzaffar Ahmad; and Syed Matiul Ahsan.


Themes: Children, Climate Change, Disaster Risk, Risk Resilience, School Safety

for more information contact: bestteam@aidmi.org
Source(s): All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI)

We Can Not Leave Everything to God: Children and Crowd Management in Schools

Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 107, March 2014:


The 107th issue of Southasiadisaster.net is titled ‘We Can Not Leave Everything to God: Children and Crowd Management in Schools’ explores the important theme of Crowd Management. Crowd management is extremely important for a country like India that routinely witnesses stampedes. Replete with views of experts from the field, this issue provides vital information on Crowd management policies, practices and procedures. The content includes:

i.           We Can Not Leave Everything to God

ii.         Assam Jatiya Vidyalaya: A Case of Crowd Management at Schools

iii.       Need for Stampede Management at School Level

iv.       Major Stampedes of India

v.         Proactive Approach to Disaster Response In India: Adoption of Incident Response System

vi.       Crowd Management at Heritage Sites

vii.     Role of Switzerland in Making World Safer from Disasters

viii.   School Safety Assessment of Cyclone Thane - Affected Schools

ix.       The EU's Disaster Risk Reduction Work in India

x.         Children in the Uttarakhand Disaster

xi.       School Safety and Crowd Management


The contributions from Mihir R. Bhatt with AIDMI Team; Col Alok Raj; Arjun Clair; Brig (Dr) BK Khanna, Mrs Angeli Qwatara and Nina Khanna; Daniel Ziegerer; and Omprakash Bhatt.


Themes: Children, Crowd Management, Disaster Risk, Risk Resilience, School Safety, Stampedes

for more information contact: bestteam@aidmi.org
Source(s): All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI)

Silchar is Getting Prepared: Big Risks in Small Towns

Disaster preparedness in urban area is mainly focused on big cities. This is odd. Because the fastest growth and the greatest vulnerability has been observed in smaller towns in India. All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) has argued this since 1999 Kandla Cyclone. And continued its campaign to attract national attention on smaller towns. Mock drills are one of the best ways to focus on disaster preparedness in smaller towns.

AIDMI conducted a track on "School Disaster Preparedness" in the five day long Emergency Management Exercise in Silchar City scheduled from November 25–29, 2013. This was the third city level emergency management exercise of AIDMI in Assam and sixth in India. The exercise was inaugurated by Shri Prithbi Majhi, Honorable Minister for Revenue and Disaster Management, Government of Assam on November 25, 2013.

Total of seven simultaneous tracks were carried out including:

1. Emergency Management Planning and Comprehensive Trauma Life Support, 2. Emergency Nursing Service and Mass Causality Handling, 3. Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction, 4. Public Health in Emergencies, 5. Coordination of Response for Heads of Line Departments, 6. Search and Rescue and Incident Response System, and 7. School Disaster Preparedness. These tracks were carried out from  November 25–27, 2013 with facilitation from Resource Persons from various organizations. These tracks were followed by Table Top Exercise on November 28, Mega Mock Drill and Hot Wash on November 29. Leaders from NDMA and ASDMA were present throughout this exercise.

A total of 74 school teachers from key schools of Cachar district participated in the training on School Disaster Preparedness on November 25, 2013. Sessions on Concepts of DRR, Exercise on school level Risk Assessment and Making of School Disaster Management Plan were carried out and explained to the participants following track evaluation. Participants demanded that such trainings should be held twice in a year for their schools.

The teachers pointed out that national and international attention on small towns as victims of disasters as well as engines of preparedness was missing. Small towns have more poor. Small towns face greater hazards in large areas. Small towns lack basic early warning system. Children in small towns need more disaster preparedness trainings. Perhaps small towns perform better in recovery even without preparedness investments. The trainings demanded greater focus on small towns in HFA2 as well.

For more information contact: bestteam@aidmi.org

National Disaster Reduction Day: Poster & Slogan Writing Competitions for Students on "School Safety"
October 9 is celebrated as National Disaster Reduction day. On this event National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) with support of NAtional Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) has organised a'Poster & Slogan Writing Competitions for Students on "School Safety"' for all schools across India.

For more information please visit: http://nidm.gov.in/pdf/drd-13.pdf
Participation of Children in NPDRR

The first session of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) saw representation from children from 4 states (Bihar, West Bengal, Delhi and Odisha), who shared their voices and experience of disaster risk reduction.

National Workshop on Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: Children Platform and Disaster Risk Reduction

A one-day National Workshop on Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction was organized on May 11, 2013 at India Habitat Center by Children Coalition India (UNICEF, Save the Children, RedR, SEEDS, Plan and AIDMI). The workshop facilitated by Save the Children. The event is one of pre-workshop of National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) for pushing children’s perspectives from local to national level. 

Creating Awareness Pertaining to Disaster in Assam

Vipda Nivaran, Issue no. 87, January 2013 on ‘Creating Awareness Pertaining to Disaster in Assam’ launched at Training on School Safety from February 21-23, 2013 at Dhubri district of Assam by Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) and All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI). The issue was launched by Mr. Sarfardz Haque, Circle Officer, DDMA. Write to Ritu Saxena at bestteam@aidmi.org to receive copy of Vipda Nivaran by  E-mail. 

Putting Children at the Heart of Disaster Risk Reduction

In the landscape of risk reduction where do children stand? As victim? As risk reducers? As risk managers? As future citizens? This issue explores all these possibilities and more for those who wish to look at Post HFA Agenda from the eyes of the children at risk. Those interested in Post 2015 Development Agenda including members of Expert Reference Group may also find useful insights.


This issue covers articles on Promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction in India. The content includes: (i) Child Centerd DRR Means Putting Children at the Heart of DRR; (ii) The Role of India's National and State Governments in Promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction; (iii) Promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction at the Policy Level; (iv) Emergency Management Exercises as Tools for Developing Child-Centered Disaster Management Plans; (v) Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction in Guwahati, Assam; (vi) Child-Centred Disaster Risk Reduction and Child Rights; (vii) Launch of State Platform for Children in Bihar.


The ideas and insights are of use to those who work on local projects and those who advocate rights of children to safety in international policy events such as ADB’s 46th Annual meeting in Delhi or Global Thematic Consultations on Disaster Risk Reduction and the Post 2015 Development Agenda.


In many ways the insights reinforce what is now being documented by Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Centre (TDMRC) of Ache in Indonesia. Unequal treatment of children in disaster risk reduction is a concern.


The Preface is written by Margarita Tileva, Chief Emergency, UNICEF India; contribution from Mihir R. Bhatt and Vandana Chuhan, All India Disaster Mitigation Institute. With this publication AIDMI is promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction at the State, National and Regional Levels for Policy Influence and the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Yogyakarta follow up.


for more information contact: bestteam@aidmi.org

Source(s): All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI)

Publication date: January 2013

Number of pages: 12p.

Launch of children’s disaster risk reduction platform in Bihar, India

Launch of children’s disaster risk reduction platform in Bihar, India

Date:6 Dec 2012

News Release: 

Bihar is a special state of India, not only now but for past two thousands year. And All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) has realized this in its work with the people of Bihar. The communities in Bihar know the risk, are eager to find a way out, and focus on both, the process and results of reducing risks. This is what AIDMI has found since our work in Bihar in 2007. This is AIDMI’s direct experience with communities. This experiences is not only true when AIDMI team is in Bihar but also when communities from Bihar come to join AIDMI’s work in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu to hold community-to-community direct interaction and learning ways to reduce risks. There is indeed something special about communities of Bihar.

The launch of the platform for and of children in Bihar builds on the above realization. The children not only represent the above mentioned strengths of the communities of Bihar but also represent the above mentioned strengths and the huge potential. The children of Bihar have and can make Disaster Risk Reduction a day-to-day reality in Bihar.

The platform must develop its own agenda for short term and for overall vision. The agenda must come from the children. AIDMI has learned from the good work of Save the Children in Bihar that children are able to set agenda that is both realistic and relevant. AIDMI has found in its work on District Disaster Management Plan with CARITAS in Bihar that it is not easy to institutionalize child centred Disaster Risk Reduction. This is mostly because the children have limited voice. The children have limited resources. The children have limited opportunities. AIDMI’s city wide mock drills with UNICEF in Guwahati, Chennai, and Mumbai has clearly shown that institutionalizing needs planning, preparations, and direct and long contact with children. And this is not easy. But what is easy is to receive instant interest of children in building disaster resilience of vulnerable communities. AIDMI’s work with Concern Worldwide India (CWI) in Odisha and West Bengal with ECHO support has shown how eager children are to creatively address risk issues. As Leena Sarabhai, a leading educationist who pioneered “open education” for children in India since 1948 said, “Let us learn from children”. The children have a lot to offer.

AIDMI aims to see more girl children in this platform and would be delighted if the platform is run under the leadership of girls. AIDMI aims to see more children from poor communities in Bihar on this platform and would be delighted to see that the platform aims at basic issues of protecting children’s food, water, health, sanitation, and education from disasters. This platform is a small step towards Disaster Risk Reduction but a big leap ahead towards safer Bihar.
cPpksa dk vkink tksf[ke U;wuhdj.k ds fy, vfèkdkj i=

cPpksa }kjk cPpksa ds fy, vkink tksf[ke U;wuhdj.k dk;Z ;kstuk 

ÞcPpksa dk vkink ds fo:tkx:drk ds fy, vfèkdkj i=ß dh jpuk vÝhdk] ,f'k;k vkSj ysfVu vesfjdk [kaM ds 21 ns'kksa ds 600 cPpksa ds }kjk] muds earO;ksa dks ysdj dh xbZ gSaA cPpksa dks muds thou ij gksrh vkinkvksa dk vlj] muds {ks= esa vkink ds izHkkoksa dks de djus ds rjhdksa vkSj vkink ds fo:) tkx:drk ds fy, cPps fdls izkFkfedrk nsrs gSa] og rhu eqís iqNs x, FksA

cPpksa us lqfuf'pr fd, gq, izkFkfedrk Øe ds vkèkkj ij ^cPpksa dk vkink ds fo:tkx:drk ds fy, vfèkdkj i=* ds ik¡p eqíksa dks la{ksi esa fuEufyf[kr :i esa izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA

bl vfèkdkj i= dk mís'; cPpksa dks è;ku esa j[kdj vkink tksf[keksa dks de djus ds fy, ljdkj vkSj laLFkkvksa dh vksj ls etcwr izfrc)rk ds fy, vko';d psruk c<+kus ds fy, mfpr dne mBkus] cPps lqjf{kr jgs vkSj muds Kku esa o`f) djuk fd ftlls cPps vkink ds f[kykQ tkx:drk vkSj okrkoj.k esa Qssjcny ls layXu izo`fÙkvksa esa tqM+ ldsA

1-  gekjs fo|ky; lqjf{kr gks vkSj f'k{kk esa :dkoV u gksA

2-  vkink ls igys] nkSjku vkSj ckn esa ge cPpks dh lqj{kk izFke izkFkfedrk gksuh pkfg,A

3-  ge cPpksa dks lgHkkfxrk rFkk tkudkjh dk vfèkdkj gksA

4-  ge cPpksa ds fy, vkink ds le; lkeqnkf;d O;oLFkk,¡ tSls&pkikdy] 'kkSpky;] i<+kbZ dh O;oLFkk] [ksy&dwn dh txg bR;kfn gks vkSj gesa Hkfo"; dh vkink ds izHkko dks de djus gsrq  izf'k{k.k vkSj lgk;rk feysA

5- ge cPps pkgrs gSa fd vkink tksf[ke U;wuhdj.k dh lqfoèkk,¡ gekjs leqnk; ds izR;sd izHkkfor yksxksa rd igq¡psA

For more information contact:

Vandana Chauhan at bestteam@aidmi.org

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Project Portal Promotion

The Duryog Nivaran has invited to All India Disaster Mitigation Institute to join their Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Project Portal Promotion under the ISDR Asia Partnership (IAP) Regional Stocktaking and Mapping of DRR intervention in Asia and Pacific phase. The aim is to increase collaboration and cooperation on conceptualisation, planning and programming on DRR among different stakeholders at regional level.  The DRR Project Portal answers the question: who is doing what, and where and thus helps to identify gaps, increase cooperation and improve planning on DRR.

If offers lessons on safer shelter; region’s growing involvement in humanitarian and disaster risk reduction assistance; coastal and maritime risks; creation and communication of a wide range of risks information; food and disaster risk; and power of integration of disaster risk reduction into development. The portal will help you make smarter decision to reduce risk.

For more information contact
bestteam@aidmi.org or www.drrprojects.net

Building Women Leadership in Assam for Disaster Risk Reduction

Two simultaneous 3-days of trainings on School Safety (including School Disaster Management Plan and Mock Drills) were organized by Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) and facilitated by All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) at Goalpara and Darrang Districts of Assam from 11-13th October 2012. 103 schools from Darrang and Goalpara districts of Assam prepared the action plan for building knowledge on DRR with school community. Enhanced focus was on girl child and female teachers. 

International day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) is a day globally acknowledged and celebrated to promote awareness on Disaster Risk Reduction with a theme concerning different dimensions of DRR. For the year 2012, UNISDR has decided to celebrate the unending, not very well acknowledged but valuable contribution made by women and girls for Disaster Reduction all over the world.

Making Schools Safer in Indian Ocean Islands

Sensitization Workshop on National School Safety Programme, Port Blair was organized on August 30, 2012 by Directorate of Disaster Mitigation, Department of Education and West Bengal Voluntary Health Association with contributions of All India Disaster Mitigation Institute. Government officials of departments of Disaster Mitigation, Education and teachers participated in the event. Arpita Chhatrapati of AIDMI offered insights into ways of making National School Safety Programme more effective at community level. A two year plan is worked out.

Reducing Risks through Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction: Enhancing Disaster Resilience of at Risk Communities
This issue of southasiadisasters.net on ‘Reducing Risk through Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction’ by AIDMI with Concern Worldwide under support from ECHO presents articles covering different aspects of community-based approach in disaster risk reduction context. The articles, contributed by experts and practitioners both, from Government institutions such as the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), India; Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA); and Non-Government organisations such as ADRA, AIDMI, BEDROC, Caritas, Concern Worldwide, Plan International, and Save the Children. The Forward by Dipankar Datta, Country Director, Concern Worldwide India and way ahead by Mihir R. Bhatt of AIDMI on key questions for action in CBDRR bind various contributions. Practitioners have shared learning from project implementation with coastal communities of Odisha and West Bengal states of India. Key articles from experts include family approach to DRR activities; CBDP journey in India; Measuring community resilience; Community in CBDRR; Developing plan for CBDRR, Children reducing the risks; collaboration, complementality and continuity for CBDRR; from vulnerability to capacity; new learning tool to arm children on disaster preparedness; and DRR and school community.
Source(s): All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI); Concern Worldwide (Concern)
Publication date: June 2012
Issue no. 84
Number of pages: 20 p.

Reducing Risks in Oriya

All risk reaction must in the end be local. But most disaster risk reduction (DRR) knowledge material is in English. This is odd. All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI), with Concern Worldwide India under ECHO support, has developed a set of display material for schools located in coastal areas of West Bengal and Odisha. To promote DRR in schools, the material has been developed in Oriya and Bengali. For joint efforts in making schools safer, contact Sanchit Oza at bestteam@aidmi.org.

School Based Risk Assessment (Audit) in Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation Schools

The research study was undertaken for the time period of three weeks from 3rd to 21st January, 2012 by the organisations - All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI), Ahmedabad and Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai. This research study has been carried out in association with Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. The objectives of the study were: i) To conduct  an audit of the  disaster mitigation measures of 109 Primary and High schools in Ahmedabad; ii) To assess the level of understanding and knowledge of disaster mitigation and  school safety among teachers and administration staff as well as level of student’s understanding and awareness; iii) To assess the mitigation measures taken by schools and outside agencies for promoting school safety and disaster risk reduction; iv) To assess school structural safety and hazard potential. more...

School-based Disaster Risk Reduction: Making Education Safer
This publication highlights the issues related to school-based disaster risk reduction. It contains articles contributed by disaster risk reduction practitioners from Concern Worldwide India, National Disaster Management Authority, United Nations Development Programme, TAG International Development, Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research and reflects unique multi-stakeholder perspectives. It also highlights how making education safer enhances actions at the school level.

The articles includes: (i) Disaster Safety of Schools: A National Concern; (ii) Sab ke Liye Salamat Shiksha: Key Coordination Areas for National School Safety Programme: Briefing Note; (iii) Impact of Earthquake on Schools in Sikkim; (iv) Safer Education during Emergencies (v) Building Disaster Response in School; (vi) School Safety Insurance: Ensuring Protection for Students and School Staff; (viii) Disaster Education: Experience from Rural Schools of China; (ix) Joint Efforts for Making Schools Safer in Myanmar; (x) Schools Safety Initiatives in India; (xi) Know the Risk and Take Action: Priority of Action 3 of Hyogo Framework for Action (xii) Step Up for Disaster Risk Reduction; (xiii) City-level Emergency Management Exercise (EMEx): Towards Making Urban Citizens Safer; and (xiv) Case Studies from India. download issue...http://www.schoolsafety.in/publication-form.aspx?Type=pub1&id=25

From its past ten year long campaign for safer schools All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) offers to the Capacity Building and Training (CBT) Sub-Group Inter Agency Group on School Safety (IAG-SS) of National Safer School Programme (NSSP) of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of India.

What is the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute's (AIDMI) experience of youth in reducing disaster risks? The points documented in the brochure came up again and again during a dialogue with youth on October 11, 2011, Ahmedabad, India.

It is our younger generation who will find solutions to the risks that have been created over the past two centuries. But for this to happen we must invest our trust, ideas and resources in our youth. for more: http://www.schoolsafety.in/sub-images/KMAM/Youth%20Consultation_Ahmedabad_Oct.%202011.pdf


The number and magnitude of disasters are increasing.

The reality of this situation clearly emphasizes the need to promote actions for risk reduction which can hinder without building DRR education in youth.

It is our younger generation who will find solutions to the risks that have been created over the past two centuries.

Mobilizing youth to play key roles in practical community based actions for DRR and Climate Change Adaptation.

But for this to happen we must invest our trust, ideas and resources in our youth.